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Working papers of 2007

  • 2007-16 :: Who benefits from a job change: The dwarfs or the giants?
    by Dimitris Pavlopoulos & Didier Fouarge & Ruud Muffels & Jeroen K. Vermunt & 2007-12

    Empirical studies have shown that voluntary job-to-job changes have a positive effect on wage mobility. In this paper, we suggest that the impact of a job change on wage growth depends on the position in the wage distribution. Using panel data from the UK and Germany, we investigate the effect of employer changes and within-firm job changes on year-to-year wage mobility. We show that a change of...
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  • 2007-15 :: The impact of technological changes on incentives and motivations to work hard
    by Ludivine Martin & 2007-12

    The diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) associated with the diffusion of new work practices since fifteen years has raised concerns about the impact of these changes on productivity. Some recent studies underline a positive impact of ICT and of new work practices on firms' productivity. But as well known in the principal-agent literature agents are predisposed to shirking...
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  • 2007-14 :: Self-Assessed Health Status and Satisfaction with Health Care Services in the Context of the Enlarged European Union
    by Livia Popescu & Cristina Rat & Adina Rebeleanu-Bereczki & 2007-11

    The paper aims at analysing the relationship between self-rated health-status, satisfaction with health care services and socio-economic factors, in the context of different national health care systems in the enlarged European Union. The effects of socio-economic deprivation and the functioning of national health care systems on self-rated health status and satisfaction with health care services ...
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  • 2007-13 :: Measurement of national intellectual capital – application to EU countries
    by Dorota Weziak & 2007-11

    The aim of the article is to present both an alternative approach to measurement of intellectual capital of a country (IC) and a calculation of IC index. In order to achieve it, at first a definition of IC was adopted and a conceptual model of IC was worked out. Then, a method of operationalisation of conceptual model was elaborated, which comprised: 1. method of transforming the theoretical conc...
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  • 2007-12 :: Is there more than one linkage between Social Network and Inequality?
    by Emanuela D'Angelo & Marco Lilla & 2007-11

    The paper aims to analyse how income inequality affects social networks strength in fourteen European Countries. We introduce some new evidences by using the ECHP for testing the networks-inequality nexus and being able to construct directly inequality indices from the microdata as well their decomposition. In particular, we focus on two main point: firstly, we analyse how total income inequality ...
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  • 2007-11 :: Income Inequality and Education Premia
    by Marco Lilla & 2007-11

    The paper attempts to measure income inequality and its changes over the period 1993-2000 for a set of 13 Countries in ECHP. Focusing on wages and incomes of workers in general, inequality is mainly analyzed with respect to educational levels as proxy of individual abilities. Estimation of education premia is performed by quantile regressions to stress differences in income distribution and questi...
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  • 2007-10 :: Health Insurance and Life Style Choices: Identifying the Ex Ante Moral Hazard
    by Anderson Stanciole & 2007-11

    There is extensive debate in the literature about the practical significance of the concept of ex-ante moral hazard. This paper uses data from the 1999-2003 PSID waves to estimate a structural model of individual choice of insurance coverage and four life style related decisions: heavy smoking, heavy drinking, sedentarism and obesity. The results show that health insurance has significant incentiv...
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  • 2007-09 :: The patterns and causes of social exclusion in Luxembourg
    by Monica Raileanu Szeles & 2007-08

    The paper investigates the forms and determinants of social exclusion in Luxembourg and addresses both conceptual and empirical issues. We therefore examine the following issues: what definition of social exclusion is more appropriate for Luxembourg, if the economic and social disadvantages cumulate within the social exclusion process in Luxembourg, if the “spiral of precariousness” applies for Lu...
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  • 2007-08 :: Une évaluation du rôle des déterminants du partage de la valeur ajoutée
    by Stéphane Mussard & Bernard Philippe & 2007-06

    Au cours de la période 1961/2000, pourquoi la tendance à la hausse des taux de chômage s’est-elle inversée dans des économies « anglo-saxonnes » comme les États-Unis et le Royaume-Uni et pas dans des économies « continentales » telles que l’Allemagne, la France et l’Italie ? Nous soutenons que cette inversion ne peut pas être imputée au fait que ces dernières auraient maîtrisé leurs coûts salariau...
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  • 2007-07 :: Engendered housework. A cross-european analysis
    by Bogdan Voicu & Malina Voicu & Katarina Strapcova & 2007-05

    Division of the housework within the couple is the topic of this paper. We are specifically interested if the gender is still salient in the sharing of the domestic works, and which is its relative importance when controlling for various factors such as education, income, spouses’ occupational status, the type of social policies within the respective society, its level of development etc. We fo...
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  • 2007-06 :: Heterogeneity in solidarity attitudes in Europe. Insights from a multiple-group latent-class factor approach
    by Milosh Kankarash & Guy Moors & 2007-04

    Comparing solidarity attitudes of European citizen is highly relevant in the context of European integration and unification. Such comparisons, however, are only valid if responses to attitude questions reflect true differences in solidarity and, hence, the measurement of latent solidarity attitudes is comparable. Often comparability is assumed, rarely is it tested. We argue that establishing eq...
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  • 2007-05 :: Attitudes to Family Policy Arrangements in Relation to Attitudes to Family and division of Labour between Genders
    by Marie Valentova & 2007-05

    The main aims of the paper are to analyse and compare attitudes of inhabitants of eleven European countries toward the state family policy arrangements in the light of people’s attitudes regarding family and marriage, and division of labour between men and women; and to identify which countries cluster together regarding such attitudes. In particular we test whether respondents’ attitudes toward...
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  • 2007-04 :: Occupational Gender Segregation in the light of the Segregation in Education: A Cross-National Comparison
    by Marie Valentova & Iva Krizova & Tomas Katrnak & 2007-04

    The main aims of this article are to conduct a cross-national comparison of levels of occupational gender segregation and to examine the relation between the level of occupational gender segregation and gender segregation in education (both vertical and horizontal). The analyses include 18 European countries covered by the European Social Survey (ESS) conducted in 2004. The comparison pays a speci...
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  • 2007-03 :: Décompositions des mesures d’inégalité : le cas des coefficients de Gini et d'entropie
    by Stéphane Mussard & Michel Terraza & 2007-04

    Les mesures d’inégalité du revenu rassemblent deux types d’indicateurs décomposables : les indices décomposables en sous-populations et les indices décomposables en sources de revenu. Les premiers permettent de partager l’inégalité totale en une inégalité intragroupe et une inégalité intergroupe et les seconds d’attribuer à chaque facteur de revenu (revenu du travail, revenu du capital, taxes, etc...
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  • 2007-02 :: Between-Group Pigou-Dalton Transfers
    by Stéphane Mussard & 2007-03

    This paper introduces the concept of Pigou-Dalton transfers between populations of income receivers. Gini's mean difference and Dagum's Gini index between populations are axiomatically derived in order to gauge the impact of within- and between-group Pigou-Dalton transfers on Dagum's measure. We show its sensitiveness for any given transfer in the sense that inequality-reducing transfers are captu...
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  • 2007-01 :: Extreme incomes and the estimation of poverty and inequality indicators from EU-SILC
    by Philippe Van Kerm & 2007-02

    Micro-data estimates of welfare indices are known to be sensitive to observations from the tails of the income distribution. It is therefore customary to make adjustments to extreme data before estimating inequality and poverty statistics. This paper systematically evaluates the impact of such adjustments on indicators estimated from the EU-SILC (Community Statistics on Income and Living condition...
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Past working papers

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