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Working papers of 2006

  • 2006-13 :: Les mesures monétaires et directes de la pauvreté sont-elles substituables ? Investigations sur base de la courbe du ROC
    by Alessio Fusco & 2006-12

    L'utilité pratique des approches non monétaires de la pauvreté est interrogée sur base de l'étude du degré de recoupement entre mesures directes et mesure monétaire de ce concept. L'utilisation de la méthode graphique et non paramétrique de la courbe du Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) permet, contrairement à l'approche généralement utilisée, d'évaluer ce degré de recoupement indépendamment...
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  • 2006-12 :: The Legitimacy of Redistribution: the Czech Republic in International Comparison
    by Tomas Sirovatka & Marie Valentova & 2006-11

    In this paper we pay attention to the legitimacy of the principles, scope and purpose of redistribution in Czech society. We use data from international surveys from the second half of the nineties, including European Values Study 1999 and ISSP 1996 – module Role of the Government and some national Czech surveys. We claim that Czech society does not favour extensive redistribution at the level of...
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  • 2006-11 :: Housework and gender inequality across Europe
    by Malina Voicu & Bogdan Voicu & Katarina Strapcova & 2006-11

    The paper focuses on the factors influencing sharing of the domestic work in the European countries. Many of the previous studies have offered the individual level explanations, taking into account only the individual characteristic when predicting the spouses’ contribution to the chores. Using multilevel regression models, we try to combine the individual level factors with the country’s level on...
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  • 2006-10 :: Between-Group Transfers and Poverty-Reducing Tax Reforms
    by Paul Makdissi & Stéphane Mussard & 2006-10

    In this paper, we propose the conception of within-group CD-curve, to apprehend the impact of indirect tax reforms on truncated distributions of consumption expenditures. This confers decision makers the ability to perform within-group transfers as well as between-group transfers to reduce poverty in particular groups or to obtain an overall poverty alleviation. Between-group transfers are impleme...
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  • 2006-09 :: Decomposition of s-Concentration Curves
    by Paul Makdissi & Stéphane Mussard & 2006-10

    For any given order of stochastic dominance, standard concentration curves are decomposed into contribution curves corresponding to within-group inequalities, between-group inequalities, and transvariational inequalities. We prove, for all orders, that contribution curve dominance implies systematically welfare-improving tax reforms and conversely. Accordingly, we point out some undesirable fiscal...
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  • 2006-08 :: Okun's Law, Creation of Money and the Decomposition of the Rate of Unemployment
    by Stéphane Mussard & Bernard Philippe & 2006-10

    In this paper, we show that the rate of unemployment in period t depends on GDP and inflation rate in period t-1. We then show that GDP is related to money creation, and subsequently that the rate of unemployment is a decreasing function of this creation....
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  • 2006-07 :: The Economic Returns to Multiple Language Usage in Western Europe
    by Donald R. Williams & 2006-10

    To what extent are there economic returns to learning a second or third language? Do the benefits differ according to country? This paper examines the return to multi-lingualism in the workplace. In particular, we estimate the effect that using an additional language in one’s job has on earnings for a sample of workers in the European Community Household Panel survey. Log-earnings regressions...
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  • 2006-06 :: Measuring poverty within and between population subgroups
    by Enrica Chiappero-Martinetti & Marisa Civardi & 2006-10

    In this paper we propose a decomposition of the Foster, Greer, Thorbecke (FGT) class of poverty indexes into two additive components (namely, poverty within groups and poverty between groups) when both a community-wide threshold and a specific poverty line for each subgroup of population is used. The aim is to suggest an integrated perspective that takes into account both group-specific and overal...
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  • 2006-05 :: De la relation épargne/investissement à l'évolution du taux de chômage
    by Stéphane Mussard & Bernard Philippe & 2006-09

    Nous soutenons que pour étudier le fonctionnement réel des économies capitalistes, il ne suffit pas de considérer l'innovation comme un processus de destruction créatrice. Il est aussi nécessaire de supposer que les agents de ces économies adoptent une institution ou règle nommée système de paiement. Cette hypothèse permet de proposer deux conclusions. Selon la première, le montant des investissem...
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  • 2006-04 :: Using Job Embeddedness Factors to Explain Voluntary Turnover in Five European Countries
    by Cem Tanova & 2006-07

    This paper investigates actual voluntary turnover from the employee's perspective using a large European dataset integrating the available job factors related to job embeddedness and other variables that have been related to turnover in previous turnover models. The study shows that the traditional turnover model, where ease of movement and desire of movement are regarded as important predictors o...
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  • 2006-03 :: Comparisons of income mobility profiles
    by Philippe Van Kerm & 2006-07

    Methods are developed for income mobility comparisons between countries or between population subgroups based on the construction of mobility profiles. Mobility profiles provide an evocative picture of both the magnitude of income changes in a population, and its distribution across the income range. Comparisons of mobility profiles permit assessments in which mobility among the poor is given grea...
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  • 2006-02 :: Rasch Model and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement
    by Alessio Fusco & Paul Dickes & 2006-05

    The topic of the multidimensionality of poverty is currently at the heart of many theoretical, empirical and institutional debates in the European Union. Despite this increasing interest, there seems to be no consensus on how to define and measure multidimensional poverty. Two aspects may be considered in measuring poverty: the number of dimensions and the nature of the underlying continuum. The q...
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  • 2006-01 :: Is Taking a Pill a Day Good for Health Expenditures? Evidence from a Cross Section Time Series Analysis of 19 OECD Countries from 1970 – 2000
    by Bart Verbelen & 2006-05

    This paper differs in two ways from previous comparative health system research. First, it focuses on the impact of pharmaceutical expenditures on total health expenditures as trends in pharmaceutical expenditures have been blamed of being a major driver of national health expenditures. In addition to pharmaceutical expenditures, other variables of interest are income, public financing, public de...
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Past working papers

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