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Working papers of 2003

  • 2003-13 :: Financial and Multidimensional Poverty in European Countries: can the former be used as a proxy of the latter?
    by Gijs Dekkers & 2003-11

    In recent years, European policy has come to include the fight against poverty and social exclusion. In the context of the Open Method of Coordination, common indicators of poverty were developed. Often, these indicators are a function of household income. In the scientific literature, by contrast, the multidimensional measurement of poverty has taken on a new lease of life. This paper aims at bri...
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  • 2003-12 :: The South revisited: The division of labor and family outcomes in Italy and Spain
    by Lynn Prince Cooke & 2003-11

    Social provisions and market services assist families in balancing production and reproduction, so that women´s employment need not be associated with lower fertility. Yet men´s participation in childcare has not kept pace with women´s rising labor force participation. Here, the effect of men´s childcare hours on the likelihood of second births is analyzed for Italian and Spanish couples using the...
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  • 2003-11 :: Trends in income inequality, pro-poor income growth and income mobility
    by Stephen P. Jenkins & Philippe Van Kerm & 2003-10

    We provide an analytical framework within which changes in income inequality over time are related to the pattern of income growth across the income range, and the reshuffling of individuals in the income pecking order. We use it to explain how it was possible both for ‘the poor’ to have fared badly relatively to ‘the rich’ in the USA during the 1980s (when income inequality grew substantially), a...
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  • 2003-10 :: Bootstrapping the European Gender Wage Gap
    by Eva Rueckert & 2003-06

    This paper investigates the gender wage gap in Denmark, the Netherlands, France and Spain by boostrapping the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition. The boostrap method is used to compute confidence intervals and to perform hypothesis tests for the (disaggregated) explained and unexplained components of the national earnings differentials between men and women. From the subset of paid employees select...
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  • 2003-09 :: Measuring deprivation in Spain
    by Jesus Perez-Mayo & 2003-05

    This paper analyses the deprivation in Spain based on ECHP data for 1996. Usually, an indirect approach for measuring deprivation or poverty is used with poverty lines. That is, income is used as a proxy for analysing living conditions. However, some studies have used a direct approach to measure deprivation or poverty (Townsend 1988, Mayer and Jencks 1988, Muffels 1993, Callan et al 1993, Dirven ...
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  • 2003-08 :: Stability of household income in European countries in the 1990's
    by Nicholas T. Longford & Maria Grazia Pittau & 2003-04

    This paper explores the patterns of change in the annual household income in the countries of the European Community during the years 1994-1999. The income is modelled by mixtures of multivariate log-normal distributions, and the mixture components are interpreted as representing one subpopulation with steady increments and others with various levels of volatility. The method is extended to models...
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  • 2003-07 :: The wealth and asset holdings of U.S.-born and foreign-born households: Evidence from SIPP data
    by Deborah A. Cobb-Clark & Vincent Hildebrand & 2003-04

    SIPP data are used to analyze the wealth of the U.S. foreign-born population. We find that the median wealth level of U.S.-born couples is 2.3 times the median of foreign-born couples, while the median wealth level of U.S.-born singles is three times that of foreign-born singles. Further, there is a great deal of diversity in wealth within the immigrant population. Diversity in net worth manifests...
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  • 2003-06 :: Self-employment and Caring for Children: Evidence from Europe
    by Vincent Hildebrand & Donald R. Williams & 2003-03

    Using data unique to the European Community Household Panel survey (ECHP), we examine the hypothesis that self-employed workers spend more time caring for children than do those in other forms of employment. Our results, for eleven western-European countries, provide little support for the hypothesis, except in one or two countries, and only for women. Indeed, in many European nations, self-emplo...
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  • 2003-05 :: Choices for part-time jobs and the impacts on the wage differentials. A comparative study for Great Britain and the Netherlands
    by Yongjian Hu & Kea Tijdens & 2003-03

    This paper uses the European Household Panel (the ECHP) to analyze individuals' choices on part-time jobs and their impacts on the wage differentials. Our study is a comparative study between Great Britain and the Netherlands. In contrast to most of the previous researches on part-time employment, we make a distinction between short part-time and long part-time jobs. The results show that overall ...
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  • 2003-04 :: Excluded or reintegrated? Compared analysis of the paths and exit careers to get out of the risk of social exclusion in Italy, Germany, United Kingdom and Denmark
    by Domenico Carbone & 2003-03

    The present research intends to analysis the paths to come out of social exclusion risk in four European countries: Italy, Germany, United Kingdom and Denmark; in order to investigate if these paths are different in each context or, on the contrary, if it is possible to recognize a single European path. The study used the data-set of European Community Household Panel (ECHP). The analysis intends ...
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  • 2003-03 :: What Lies Behind Income Mobility? Reranking and Distributional Change in Belgium, Western Germany and the USA
    by Philippe Van Kerm & 2003-02

    The paper presents a decomposition of income mobility indices into two basic sources: Mobility induced by a change of the income distribution shape and mobility induced by a re-ordering of individuals in the income pecking order. The decomposition procedure based on counterfactual distributions results in a decomposition that is applicable to a broad class of mobility measures. Application to inco...
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  • 2003-02 :: A comparison between unidimensional and multidimensional approaches to the measurement of poverty
    by Michele Costa & 2003-02

    The paper presents a comparison between an unidimensional approach to the measurement of poverty, obtained as a function of observable income, and a multidimensional approach, defined on the basis of economic, social, demographic and cultural indicators. The comparison is carried out by means of rank correlation analysis, which stresses how the two approaches indicate the presence of two differ...
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  • 2003-01 :: Income mobility, unemployment and GDP
    by Karol Kuhl & 2003-02

    This paper attempts to identify macroeconomic factors of income mobility. Explored is the relationship between biannual relative income mobility, the relative change in the unemployment rate and the relative change in GDP. A theoretical model is proposed which provides an explanation of the nature of this relationship. It is then verified using household budget data from the CHER database....
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